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Animal Trivia and Useless Facts

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Animal Trivia and Useless Facts

Interesting but True Trivia.

TRIVIA
Trivia - The Cold Facts
Geographical Trivia
WAHM Terms
Famous Quotes (Some not so famous)


Famous Historical FIRSTS
1500 - 1700's
1800's
1900 - 1960
1961 - 1999
2000's


GOING TO THE DOGS
Animal Trivia
Can Dogs See Color?
Water -- It's Essential
Puppy love
If a dog were a teacher...

More than 99.9% of all the animal species that have ever lived on earth were extinct before the coming of man. Source: "2201 Fascinating Facts"

Animals attend church services on St. Anthony's Day in Mexico. This popular saint, who is regarded as a healer of people and animals, is asked to protect pets, who are decorated with flowers and ribbons for the occasion. In rural areas, peasants also bring bags of insects and worms to be blessed in church, in the hope that this will prevent these creatures from damaging crops. Source: "Reader's Digest Book of Facts"

To protect woolens from moths, people for generations have stored them in cedar chests or have built closets lined with cedar. There is no evidence that a cedar chest or closet repels moths. Source: "Isaac Asimov's Book of Facts"

The only commercial fishing vessels in the United States still powered by sail are the Maryland "skipjacks," sailboats that dredge for oysters. A state law requires sailpower a certain distance from shore. Source: Deb Mahler

In the last 4000 years, no new animals have been domesticated.

An animal epidemic is called an epizootic.

Every year, $1.5 billion is spent on pet food. This is four times the amount spent on baby food.

The American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) was formed in 1866.

The blood of mammals is red, the blood of insects is yellow, and the blood of lobsters is blue.

Of all known forms of animals life ever to inhabit the Earth, only about 10 percent still exist today.

Other than fruit, honey is the only natural food that is made without destroying any kind of life! What about milk, you say? A cow has to eat grass to produce milk and grass is living!

Carnivorous animals will not eat another animal that has been hit by a lightning strike.

It is a misdemeanor to kill or threaten a butterfly -- so says City Ordinance No. 352 in Pacific Grove, California.

A dragonfly has a lifespan of 24 hours.

Dragonflies are one of the fastest insects, flying 50 to 60 mph.

The male gypsy moth can "smell" the virgin female gypsy moth from 1.8 miles away.

The average garden variety caterpillar has 248 muscles in its head.

Most spiders belong to the orb weaver spider family, Family Aranidae. This is pronounced "A Rainy Day."

An ant lion is neither an ant nor a lion.

Ants cannot chew their food, they move their jaws sidewards, like a scissor, to extract the juices from the food.

Stag beetles have stronger mandibles than humans. Source: Lauren

There are more beetles than any other kind of creature in the world.

A flea expert is a pullicologist.

Fleas have changed history. More human deaths have been attributed to fleas than all the wars ever fought. As carriers of the bubonic plague, fleas were responsible for killing one-third of the population of Europe in the 14th century. Source: "Associated Press" fact contributed by Natalka Baczynskyj

The Madagascan Hissing Cockroach is one of the few insects who give birth to live young, rather than laying eggs.

Crickets hear through their knees.

The fastest -moving land snail, the common garden snail, has a speed of 0.0313 mph.

Tapeworms range in size from about 0.04 inch to more than 50 feet in length.

Human tapeworms can grow up to 22.9m.

Bees must collect the nectar from two thousand flowers to make one tablespoonful of honey.

In its entire lifetime, the average worker bee produces 1/12th teaspoon of honey.

Montana mountain goats will butt heads so hard their hooves fall off.

Goat's eyes have rectangular pupils.

A polar bears' fur is not white, it's clear.

Polar bear's skin is actually black. Their hair is hollow and acts like fiberoptics, directing sunlight to warm their skin.

Polar bears camouflage themselves more completely during a hunt by covering their black noses with their paws.

A bear has 42 teeth.

A fullgrown bear can run as fast as a horse.

A 1,200-pound horse eats about seven times it's own weight each year.

The underside of a horse's hoof is called a frog. The frog peels off several times a year with new growth.

A quarter of the horses in the U.S. died of a vast virus epidemic in 1872.

George Washington's favorite horse was named Lexington. Napoleon's favorite was Marengo. U.S. Grant had three favorite horses: Egypt, Cincinnati, and Jeff Davis.

The catgut formerly used as strings in tennis rackets and musical instruments does not come from cats. Catgut actually comes from sheep, hogs, and horses.

The "wild" horses of western North America are actually feral, not wild.

Horses cannot vomit.

Only humans and horses have hymens.

When a female horse and male donkey mate, the offspring is called a mule, but when a male horse and female donkey mate, the offspring is called a hinny.

A donkey will sink in quicksand but a mule won't.

The placement of a donkey's eyes in its' head enables it to see all four feet at all times.

Contrary to popular belief, animals are not all color-blind. Many species, including dogs, horses and sheep, can distinguish some colors -- though not as well as humans -- while the primates, especially chimpanzees and rhesus monkeys, have color vision equal to that of humans. Another widely held belief -- that bulls dislike the color red -- is probably also wrong. Experiments seem to show that it is the swirling movement of the matador's cape, not its color, that excites them. Source: "Reader's Digest Book of Facts"

Pigs, walruses and light-colored horses can be sunburned.

A pig's orgasm lasts for 30 minutes.

A pig's penis is shaped like a corkscrew.

It is physically impossible for pigs to lookup into the sky.

A pig's skin is thickest at the back -- 1/6 of an inch.

A pig is a hog -- hog is a generic name for all swine -- but a hog is not a pig. In the terminology of hog raising, a pig is a baby hog less than ten weeks old. Source: "2201 Fascinating Facts"

The largest pig on record was a Poland-China hog named Big Bill, who weighed 2,552 lbs.

On average, pigs live for about 15 years.

A female swine, or a sow, will always have a even number of teats or nipples, usually twelve.

Reindeer like to eat bananas.

Reindeer milk has more fat than cow milk.

A cow gives nearly 200,000 glasses of milk in her lifetime.

Twelve or more cows are known as a "flink."

A normal cow's stomach has four compartments: the rumen, the recticulum (storage area), the omasum (where water is absorbed), and the abomasum ( the only compartment with digestive juices).

A Holstein's spots are like a fingerprint or snowflake. No two cows have exactly the same pattern of spots.

It is possible to lead a cow upstairs but not downstairs, because a cows' knees can't bend properly to walk back down.

Today's cattle are descended from two species: wild aurochs -- fierce and agile herd animals that populated Asia, North Africa and Europe -- and eotragus -- anantelope-like, Asian forest creature.

The first buffalo ever born in captivity was born at Chicago's Lincoln Park Zoo in 1884.

Dogs and humans are the only animals with prostates.

The bloodhound is the only animal whose evidence is admissible in an American court.

The Dalmatian is the only dog that gets gout. Source: Senie Blake

Dalmatian dogs are born pure white, they don't start getting spots until they are three or four days old.

Over the average lifespan of 11 years, a dog will cost you $13,350.00.

Police dogs are trained to react to commands in a foreign language; commonly German but more recently Hungarian or some other Slavic tongue.

Chinese Crested dogs can get acne.

The Pug dog is thought to have gotten it's name from looking like the pug monkey.

The newest dog breed is the Bull Boxer, first bred in the United states in 1990-91.

At the end of the Beatles' song "A Day in the Life", an ultrasonic whistle, audible only to dogs, was recorded by Paul McCartney for his Shetland sheepdog.

There are only two animals with blue tongues, the Black Bear and the Chow dog.

Developed in Egypt about 5,000 years ago, the greyhound breed was known before the ninth century in England, where it was bred by aristocrats to hunt such small game as hares.

German Shepherds bite humans more than any other breed of dog.

Korea's poshintang - dog meat soup - is a popular item on summertime menus, despite outcry from other nations. The soup is believed to cure summer heat ailments, improve male virility, and improve women's complexions.

Lassie was played by several male dogs, despite the female name, because male collies were thought to look better on camera. The main "actor" was named Pal.

Lassie, the TV collie, first appeared in a 1930s short novel titled Lassie Come-Home written by Eric Mowbray Knight. The dog in the novel was based on Knight's real life collie, Toots.

The calories burned daily by the sled dogs running in Alaska's annual Iditarod race average 10,000. The 1,149-mile race commemorates the 1925 "Race for Life" when 20 volunteer mushers relayed medicine from Anchorage to Nome to battle a children's diphtheria epidemic.

The Canary Islands were not named for a bird called a canary. They were named after a breed of large dogs. The Latin name was Canariae insulae - "Island of Dogs."

The English Romantic poet Lord Byron was so devastated upon the death of his beloved Newfoundland, whose name was Boatswain, that he had inscribed upon the dog's gravestone the following: "Beauty without vanity, strength without insolence, courage without ferocity, and all the virtues of man without his vices."

The name of the dog from "The Grinch Who Stole Christmas" is Max.

The name of the dog on the Cracker Jack box is Bingo.

The only dog to ever appear in a Shakespearean play was Crab in The Two Gentlemen of Verona.

The last member of the famous Bonaparte family, Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte, died in 1945, of injuries sustained from tripping over his dog's leash.

The phrase "raining cats and dogs" originated in 17th Century England. During heavy downpours of rain, many of these poor animals unfortunately drowned and their bodies would be seen floating in the rain torrents that raced through the streets. The situation gave the appearance that it had literally rained "cats and dogs" and led to the current expression.

There are more than 100 million dogs and cats in the United States. Americans spend more than 5.4 billion dollars on their pets each year.

The term "dog days" has nothing to do with dogs. It dates back to Roman times, when it was believed that Sirius, the Dog Star, added its heat to that of the sun from July3 to August 11, creating exceptionally high temperatures. The Romans called the period dies caniculares, or "days of the dog."

The expression "three dog night" originated with the Eskimos and means a very cold night - so cold that you have to bed down with three dogs to keep warm.

Rabbits love licorice.

Rabbits cannot vomit.

The gene for the Siamese coloration in animals such as cats, rats or rabbits is heat Sensitive. Warmth produces a lighter color than does cold. Putting tape temporarily on Siamese rabbit's ear will make the fur on that ear lighter than on the other one.

Cats have over one hundred vocal sounds, while dogs only have about ten.

Cat scratch disease, a benign but sometimes painful disease of short duration, is caused by a bacillus. Despite its name, the disease can be transmitted by many kinds of scratches besides those of cats.

The penalty for killing a cat, 4,000 years ago in Egypt, was death.

Ancient Egyptians believed that "Bast" was the mother of all cats on Earth. They also believed that cats were sacred animals.

Ancient Egyptians shaved off their eyebrows to mourn the deaths of their cats. Source: Tyler Roe

When the Black Death swept across England one theory was that cats caused the plague. Thousands were slaughtered. Ironically, those that kept their cats were less affected, because they kept their houses clear of the real culprits, rats.

The only domestic animal not mentioned in the Bible is the cat.

The cat lover is an ailurophile, while a cat hater is an ailurophobe.

Felix the Cat is the first cartoon character to ever have been made into a balloon for a parade.

Despite its reputation for being finicky, the average cat consumes about 127,750 calories a year, nearly 28 times its own weight in food and the same amount again in liquids. In case you were wondering, cats cannot survive on a vegetarian diet.

Cats can hear ultrasound. Source: Brian Nelson

Cat's urine glows under a blacklight.

Studies show that if a cat falls off the seventh floor of a building it has about thirty percent less chance of surviving than a cat that falls off the twentieth floor. It supposedly takes about eight floors for the cat to realize what is occuring, relax and correct itself. At about that height it hits maximum speed and when it hits the ground it's rib cage absorbs most of the impact.

Cats in Halifax, Nova Scotia, have a very high probability of having six toes.

A cat's jaws can not move sideways.

A cat has 32 muscles in each ear.

A cat has four rows of whiskers.

The cheetah is the only cat in the world that can't retract its claws.

Cheetahs make a chirping sound that is much like a bird's chirp or a dog's yelp. The sound is so an intense, it can be heard a mile away.

The cheetah is the only cat in the world that can't retract it's claws.

There is no single cat called the panther. The name is commonly applied to the leopard, but it is also used to refer to the puma and the jaguar. A black panther is really a black leopard.

The Chinese, during the reign of Kublai Khan, used lions on hunting expeditions. They trained the big cats to pursue and drag down massive animals - from wild bulls to bears - and to stay with the kill until the hunter arrived.

Lions are the only truly social cat species, and usually every female in a pride, ranging from 5 to 30 individuals, is closely related.

A lion's roar can be heard from five miles away. Source: Hilary Smith

The muzzle of a lion is like a fingerprint -- no two lion share the same pattern of whiskers.

An adult lion's roar can be heard up to five miles away, and warns off intruders or reunites scattered members of the pride.

Catnip can affect lions and tigers as well as house cats. It excites them because it contains a chemical that resembles an excretion of the dominant female's urine.

Tigers have striped skin, not just striped fur.

The Sumatran tiger has the most stripes of all the tiger subspecies, and the Siberian tiger has the fewest stripes.

A tiger's paw prints are called pug marks.

The biggest members of the cat family are Siberian and Bengal tigers, which can reach over 600 pounds.

Giraffes have no vocal cords.

When a giraffe's baby is born it falls from a height of six feet, normally without being hurt.

Some baby giraffes are more than six feet tall at birth.

Camels have three eyelids to protect themselves from blowing sand.

Camel milk does not curdle.

Camels have three eyelids to protect themselves from blowing sand.

Camel hair brushes are made from squirrel hair. Source: "Uncle John's Bathroom Reader"

Elephants and camels both have four knees.

All elephants walk on tip-toe, because the back portion of their foot is made up of all fat and no bone. Source: Kara Fitzgerald

Animal gestation periods: the shortest is the American opossum, which bears its young 12 to 13 days after conception; the longest is the Asiatic elephant, taking 608 days, or just over 20 months.

The closest relative to the manatee is the elephant. Scientists think the elephant crawled back into the sea to become a manatee. Source: Joshua Allen

Elephants have been found swimming miles from shore in the Indian Ocean.

An elephant can be pregnant for up to two years.

The very first bomb dropped by the Allies on Berlin during World War II killed the only elephant in the Berlin Zoo.

Mice, whales, elephants, giraffes and man all have seven neck vertebra.

Murphy's Oil Soap is the chemical most commonly used to clean elephants.

When angered, the ears of Tazmanian devils turn a pinkish-red.

Emus have double-plumed feathers, and they lay emerald/forest green eggs.

Emus cannot walk backwards.

There are more bald eagles in the province of British Columbia, Canada, then there are in the whole United States.

The world's smallest mammal is the bumblebee bat of Thailand, weighing less than a penny.

A single little brown bat can catch 1,200 mosquitoes-sized insects in just one hour.

The leg bones of a bat are so thin that no bat can walk.

During WW II, Americans tried to train bats to drop bombs.

Some carnivores, rodents, bats and insectivores have a penis bone, called a baculum.

The Kiwi, national bird of New Zealand, can't fly. It lives in a hole in the ground, is almost blind, and lays only one egg each year. Despite this, it has survived for more than 70 million years.

Kiwi birds are blind, they hunt by smell.

New Zealand kiwis lay the largest eggs with respect to their body size of any bird.

"Eat like a bird?" Many birds eat twice their weight a day. Source: "Knowledge in a Nutshell"

A bird requires more food in proportion to its size than a baby or a cat.

If NASA sent birds into space they would soon die, they need gravity to swallow.

Many species of bird copulate in the air. In general, a couple will fly to a very high altitude, and then drop. During their descent, the birds mate. Sometimes the couple gets too involved!

Swans are the only birds with penises.

All swans and all sturgeons in England are property of the Queen. Messing with them is a serious offense.

A group of geese is called a gaggle.

A group of ravens is called a murder.

A group of larks is called an exaltation.

A robin's egg is blue, but if you put it in vineger for thirty days it turns yellow.

Mockingbirds can imitate any sound from a squeaking door to a cat meowing.

The top knot that quails have is called a hmuh.

If you feed a seagull Alka-Seltzer, its stomach will explode.

Crows have the largest cerebral hemispheres, relative to body size, of any avian family.

A flamingo can eat only when its head is upside down.

Ancient Romans ate flamingo tounges and considered them a delicacy.

A Cornish game hen is really a young chicken, usually 5 to 6 weeks of age, that weighs no more than 2 pounds.

The longest recorded flight of a chicken is thirteen seconds.

Female chickens, or hens, need about 24 to 26 hours to produce one egg. Thirty minutes later they start the process all over again. In addition to the half-hour rests, some hens rest every three to five days and others rest every 10 days.

Brown eggs come from hens with red feathers and red ear lobes; white eggs come from hens with white feathers and white ear lobes. Shell color is determined by the breed of hen and has no effect on its quality, nutrients or flavor.

By feeding hens certain dyes they can be made to lay eggs with varicolored yolks.

Roosters can't crow if they can't fully extend their necks.

A capon is a castrated rooster.

The turkey was named for what was wrongly thought to be its country of origin.

Turkeys originated in North and Central America, and evidence indicates that they have been around for over 10 million years.

Domesticated turkeys (farm raised) cannot fly. Wild turkeys can fly for short distances at up to 55 miles per hour. Wild turkeys are also fast on the ground, running at speeds of up to 25 miles per hour.

The bones of a pigeon weigh less than its feathers. Source: "Uncle John's Bathroom Reader"

The largest bird egg in the world today is that of the ostrich. Ostrich eggs are from 6 to 8 inches long. Because of their size and the thickness of their shells, they take 40 minutes to hard-boil.

The average adult male ostrich, the world's largest living bird, weighs up to 345 pounds.

Bird eggs come in a wide variety of sizes. The largest egg from a living bird belongs to the ostrich. It is more than 2,000 times larger than the smallest bird egg, which is produced by the hummingbird. Ostrich eggs are about 7.1 inches long, 5.5 inches wide and typically weigh 2.7 pounds. Hummingbird eggs are half an inch long, a third of an inch wide and weigh half a gram, or less than a fifth of an ounce.

An ostrich's eye is bigger than it's brain.

It takes forty minutes to hard boil an ostrich egg.

A group of geese on the ground is gaggle, a group of geese in the air is skein.

A duck's quack doesn't echo, and no one knows why.

The hummingbird is the only bird that can hover and fly straight up, down, or backward!

Hummingbirds are the only animals that can fly backwards.

The hummingbird, the loon, the swift, the kingfisher, and the grebe are all birds that cannot walk.

Hummingbirds are the smallest birds - so tiny that one of their enemies is an insect, the praying mantis.

Lovebirds are small parakeets who live in pairs. Male and female lovebirds look alike, while most other male birds have brighter colors than the females.

Owls have eyeballs that are tubular in shape, because of this, they cannot move their eyes.

A group of owls is called a parliament.

There is a type of parrot in New Zealand that likes to eat the rubber strips that line car windows.

Parrots, most famous of all talking birds, rarely acquire a vocabulary of more than twenty words, however Tymhoney Greys and African Greys have been know to carry vocabularies in excess of 100 words.

Pet parrots can eat virtually any common "people-food" except for chocolate and avocados. Both of these are highly toxic to the parrot and can be fatal.

The most frequently seen birds at feeders across North America last winter were the Dark-eyed Junco, House Finch and American goldfinch, along with downy woodpeckers, blue jays, mourning doves, black-capped chickadees, house sparrows, northern cardinals and european starlings.

The fastest bird is the Spine-tailed swift, clocked at speeds of up to 220 miles per hour.

A woodpecker can peck twenty times a second.

Big Ben was slowed five minutes one day when a passing group of starlings decided to take a rest on the minute hand of the clock.

A father Emperor penguin withstands the Antarctic cold for 60 days or more to protect his eggs, which he keeps on his feet, covered with a feathered flap. During this entire time he doesn't eat a thing. Most father penguins lose about 25 pounds while they wait for their babies to hatch. Afterward, they feed the chicks a special liquid from their throats. When the mother penguins return to care for the young, the fathers go to sea to eat and rest.

The male penguin incubates the single egg laid by his mate. During the two month period he does not eat, and will lose up to 40% of his body weight.

Macaroni, Gentoo, Chinstrap and Emperor are types of penguins.

A penguin only has sex twice a year.

The penguins that inhabit the tip of South America are called jackass penguins.

The word rodent comes from the Latin word 'rodere' meaning to gnaw.

Moles are able to tunnel through 300 feet of earth in a day.

The pigmy shrew - a relative of the mole - is the smallest mammal in North America. It weighs 1/14 ounce - less than a dime.

Molerats are the only eusocial vertebrates known to man. This means that these mammals live in colonies similar to those of ants and termites, with a single fertile queen giving birth to nonreproductive workers and soldiers. Molerats are also famous for their incredibly powerful jaws, the muscles of which constitute 25% of their body mass. Baby molerats are raised on a diet of their older sibling's fecal pellets, emitting a special cry when hungry to summon a worker.

The province of Alberta in Canada has been completely free of rats since 1905. Source: Jason

Rats like boiled sweets better than they like cheese.

A rat can last longer without water than a camel can.

Rats are omnivorous, eating nearly any type of food, including dead and dying members of their own species.

Rats can't throw-up.

The first house rats recorded in America appeared in Boston in 1775.

The mouse is the most common mammal in the US.

The pet ferret (Mustela putorias furo) was domesticated more than 500 years before the house cat.

The female ferret is referred to as a 'jill'.

A female ferret will die if it goes into heat and cannot find a mate. Source: MangoPete

It takes 35 to 65 minks to produce the average mink coat. The numbers for other types of fur coats are: beaver - 15; fox - 15 to 25; ermine - 150; chinchilla - 60 to 100.

Chia Pets are only sold in December.

A polecat is not a cat. It is a nocturnal European weasel.

The world's largest rodent is the Capybara. An Amazon water hog that looks like a guinea pig, it can weigh more than 100 pounds.

Many hamsters only blink one eye at a time.

All the pet hamsters in the world are descended from just one female wild golden hamster found with a litter of 12 young in Syria in 1930. The species had been named in 1839 when a single animal was found, again in Syria, but it had not been seen by scientist for nearly a century. Selective breeding has now produced several color varieties. Source: "Reader's Digest Book of Facts"

Hamsters love to eat crickets.

Prairie dogs are not dogs. A prairie dog is a kind of rodent.

When opossums are playing opossum, they are not "playing." They actually pass out from sheer terror.

The Honey Badger can withstand hundreds of African bee stings that would kill any other animal. Source: Todd Keech

Chameleons can move their eyes in two different directions at the same time.

Chameleons can reel in food from a distance as far away as more than two and a half times their body lengths.

A chameleon's tongue is twice the length of its body.

The chameleon has several cell layers beneath its transparent skin. These layers are the source of the chameleon's color change. Some of the layers contain pigments, while others just reflect light to create new colors. Several factors contribute to the color change. A popular misconception is that chameleons change color to match their environment. This isn't true. Light, temperature, and emotional state commonly bring about a chameleon's change in color. The chameleon will most often change between green, brown and gray, which coincidently, often matches the background colors of their habitat.

Most armadillos seen dead on the road did not get hit by the wheels. When an armidillo is frightened it jumps straight into the air.

Armadillos can be house broken.

Armadillos have four babies at a time, always all the same sex. They are perfect quadruplets, the fertilized cell split into quarters, resulting in four identical armadillos.

Armadillos get an average of 18.5 hours of sleep per day.

Armadillos can walk underwater.

Armadillos are the only animal besides humans that can get leprosy.

The fingerprints of koala bears are virtually indistinguishable from those of humans, so much so that they could be confused at a crime scene.

Iguanas, koalas and Komodo dragons all appear to have two penises. To clarify, though, they have a single penis, but it is split in two (pretty much 'Y'-shaped.) This organ is known as a hemipenes. Snakes also share this interesting feature. Apparently, the dual penis is for ease of left-handed or right-handed mating. Also, at least in snakes, the semen does not flow through a vessel (like in mammals), but rather, a groove."

An iguana can stay under water for 28 minutes.

Infant beavers are called kittens.

Beaver teeth are so sharp that Native Americans once used them as knife blades.

All porcupines float in water.

A newborn kangaroo is about 1 inch in length.

Large kangaroos cover more than 30 feet with each jump.

A group of kangaroos is called a mob.

Some female hyenas have a pseudo-penis.

A rhinoceros's horn is made of hair.

Rhinos are in the same family as horses, and are thought to have inspired the myth of the unicorn.

Hippos have killed more than 400 people in Africa - more than any other wild animal.

The distance between an alligator's eyes, in inches, is directly proportional to the length of the alligator, in feet. Source: Jay Littman

During World War II, the very first bomb dropped on Berlin by the Allies killed the only elephant in the Berlin Zoo.

Elephant tusks grow throughout an elephant's life and can weigh more than 200 pounds. Among Asian elephants, only the males have tusks. Both sexes of African elephants have tusks.

Elephants can communicate using sounds that are below the human hearing range: between 14 and 35 hertz.

The elephant, as a symbol of the US Republican Party, was originated by cartoonist Thomas Nast and first presented in 1874.

A zebra is white with black stripes.

An albatross can sleep while it flies. It apparently dozes while cruising at 25 mph.

The anteater, aardvark, spiny anteater (echidna), and scaly anteater (pangolin) are completely unrelated - in fact, the closest relatives to anteaters are sloths and armadillos, the closest relative to the spiny anteater is the platypus, and the aardvark is in an order all by itself.

Howler monkeys are the noisiest land animals. Their calls can be heard over 2 miles away.

The second-loudest animal on Earth is the Howler Monkey. The blue whale is the loudest animal on Earth. The call of the blue whale reaches levels up to 188 decibels. This extraordinarily loud whistle can be heard for hundreds of miles underwater.

Spider Monkies like banana daquiries.

A chimpanzee can learn to recognize itself in a mirror, but monkeys can't.

Cojo, the first gorilla born in captivity, was born at the Columbus Zoo, in Ohio, in 1956 and weighed 3 1/4 pounds.

Human birth control pills work on gorillas.

Other than humans, black lemurs are the only primates that may have blue eyes.

Only one in one thousand animals born in the sea survives to maturity.

The embryos of tiger sharks fight each other while in their mother's womb, the survivor being the baby shark that is born.

The harmless Whale Shark, holds the title of largest fish, with the record being a 59 footer captured in Thailand in 1919.

Sharks apparently are the only animals that never get sick. As far as is known, they are immune to every known disease including cancer.

The largest Great White Shark ever caught measured 37 feet and weighed 24,000 pounds. It was found in a herring weir in New Brunswick in 1930.

A dolphin's hearing is so acute that it can pick up an underwater sound from fifteen miles away.

Dolphins sleep at night just below the surface of the water. They frequently rise to the surface for air.

Dolphins are the only other animals besides humans that get pleasure out of sex. They are also the only other animals that have sex for reasons other than reproduction. Source: Kathyrn

Female orcas live twice as long as male orcas. The larger numbers of female orcas in a pod are because of the female's longer lifespan, not because the males have collected a harem.

Orcas (killer whales) kill sharks by torpedoing up into the shark's stomach from underneath, causing the shark to explode.

A group of whales is called a pod.

The blue whale is the loudest animal on Earth. The call of the blue whale reaches levels up to 188 decibels. This extraordinarily loud whistle can be heard for hundreds of miles underwater. The second-loudest animal on Earth is the Howler Monkey.

The largest animal ever seen alive was a 113.5 foot, 170-ton female blue whale.

The world's largest mammal, the blue whale, weighs 50 tons at birth. Fully grown, it weighs as much as 150 tons.

A whale's penis is called a dork.

The giant squid is the largest creature without a backbone. It weighs up to 2.5 tons and grows up to 55 feet long. Each eye is a foot or more in diameter.

The eye of the giant squid is fifteen inches in diameter -- the size of a basketball.

The giant squid has the largest eyes in the world.

The pupil of an octupus' eye is rectangular.

Octopi have gardens.

The Pacific Giant Octopus, the largest octopus in the world, grows from the size of pea to a 150 pound behemoth potentially 30 feet across in only two years, its entire life-span.

One way to tell seals and sea lions apart is that sea lions have external ears and testicles.

A father sea catfish keeps the eggs of his young in his mouth until they are ready to hatch. He will not eat until his young are born, which may take several weeks.

Catfish have 100,000 taste buds.

The common goldfish is the only animal that can see both infra-red and ultra-violet light.

Goldfish lose their color if they are kept in dim light or are placed in a body of running water, such as a stream.

A goldfish has a memory span of three seconds.

A pregnant goldfish is called a twit.

A type of jellyfish found off the coast of England is the longest animal in the world.

The sea wasp is half an inch long at best and more poisonous than any other jellyfish known to man.

The Mola Mola, or Ocean Sunfish, lays up to 5,000,000 eggs at one time.

The only way to stop the pain of the sting of the flathead fish is by rubbing the slime of the belly of the same fish that you were stung by on the wound that it inflicted upon you.

A female mackerel lays about 500,000 eggs at one time.

Starfish don't have brains.

The turbot fish lays approximately 14 million eggs during its lifetime.

The viscera of Japanese abalone can harbor a poisonous substance which causes a burning, stinging, prickling and itching over the entire body. It does not manifest itself until exposure to sunlight - if eaten outdoors in sunlight, symptoms occur quickly and suddenly.

Unlike most fish, electric eels cannot get enough oxygen from water. Approximately every five minutes, they must surface to breathe, or they will drown. Unlike most fish, they can swim both backwards and forwards.

An electric eel can produce a shock of up to 650 volts.

A baby eel is called an elver, a baby oyster is called a spat.

Shrimps' hearts are in their heads.

Shrimp can only swim backwards. Source: "Uncle John's Bathroom Reader"

A leech is a worm that feeds on blood. It will pierce its victim's skin, fill itself with three to four times its own body weight in blood, and will not feed again for months. Leeches were once used by doctors to drain "bad blood" from sick patients.

All clams start out as males; some decide to become females at some point in their lives.

The Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History houses the world's largest shell collection, some 15 million specimens. A smaller museum in Sanibel, Florida owns a mere 2 million shells and claims to be the worlds only museum devoted solely to mollusks.

Snails produce a colorless, sticky discharge that forms a protective carpet under them as they travel along. The discharge is so effective that they can crawl along the edge of a razor without cutting themselves.

It takes a lobster approximately seven years to grow to be one pound.

Ninety-nine percent of all lobsters die a few weeks after hatching. In fact, the odds are 10,000 to 1 against any larval lobster living long enough to end up as a lobster dinner.

Scientists found a whole new phylum of animal on a lobster's lip.

You should not eat a crawfish with a straight tail. It was dead before it was cooked. Source: Sara Hyde

The difference between male and female blue crabs is the design located on their apron (belly.) The male blue crab has the Washington Monument while the female apron is shaped like the U.S. Capitol.

After mating, the male Surinam Toad affixes the female's eggs to her back, where her spongy flesh will swell and envelope them. When the froglets hatch, they leave behind holes in their mother's flesh that they will remain sheltered in until large enough to fend for themselves.

Certain frogs can be frozen solid then thawed and continue living.

It was discovered on a space mission that a frog can throw up. The frog throws up it's stomach first, so the stomach is dangling out of it's mouth. Then the frog uses it's forearms to dig out all of the stomach's contents and then swallows the stomach back down again.

The world record frog jump is 33 feet 5.5 inches over the course of 3 consecutive leaps, achieved in May 1977 by a South African sharp-nosed frog called Santjie.

There are around 2,600 different species of frogs. They live on every continent except Antarctica.

The poison-arrow frog has enough poison to kill about 2,200 people.

Brazoria County in Southeast Texas is the only county in the United States and Canada to have every kind of poisonous snake found in those two countries.

The poisonous copperhead snake smells like fresh cut cucumbers.

The only continent without reptiles or snakes is Antarctica.

The anaconda, one of the world's largest snakes, gives birth to its young instead of laying eggs.

A twelve-foot anaconda can catch, kill, and eat a six-foot caiman, a close relative of crocodles and alligators. While these snakes are not usually considered to be the *longest* snake in the world, they are the heaviest, exceeding the reticulated pythoningirth.

Most snakes have either only one lung, or in some cases, two, with one much reduced in size. This apparently serves to make room for other organs in the highly-elongated bodies of snakes.

Snakes are immune to their own poison.

The "caduceus" - the classical medical symbol of two serpents wrapped around a staff - comes from an ancient Greek legend in which snakes revealed the practice of medicine to human beings.




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