Famous Firsts of the 1800s
Thomas Jefferson: 1st US president to be inaugurated in Washington, D.C.
Mary Kies: 1st woman to receive a U.S. patent, for a method of weaving straw with silk.
Elizabeth Ann Seton: establishes the 1st American community of the Sisters of Charity, in Emmitsburg, Maryland. In 1975 she became the 1st native-born American to be made a saint by the Roman Catholic Church.
Sam Patch: 1st first known person to survive the jump off of Niagara Falls.
Edward Smith: 1st indicted bank robber in the US. He was sentenced to five years hard labor on the rock pile at Sing Sing Prison.
Mary Lyon: founded 1st woman's college in US, Mt. Holyoke College.
Queen Victoria: 1st English monarch to live in Buckingham Palace.
William Henry Harrison: 1st US president to die in office. At 32 days, he also had the shortest term in office.
Tim Hyer: 1st recognized boxing (fisticuffs) champion.
Antoinette de Correvont: 1st professional woman photographer. In 1843 she opened a Daguerreotype studio in Munich.
Elizabeth Blackwell: 1st woman to receive medical degree in US. (from the Medical Institution of Geneva, N.Y.)
Antoinette Brown Blackwell: 1st American woman to be ordained a minister in a recognized denomination (Congregational).
Jean François "Blondin" Gravelet: 1st person to cross Niagara Falls on a tightrope.
Jules Leotard: world's 1st flying trapeze circus act. Performed at the Cirque Napoleon in Paris, without safety nets.
William Carney: 1st black to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor (on July 18,1863 at Fort Wagner, S.C.)
Rebecca Lee Crumpler: 1st black woman to receive an M.D. degree. She graduated from the New England Female Medical College.
Mary Walker: 1st (and only) woman to receive the US Medal of Honor. She was a Civil War surgeon. Her medal was rescinded in 1916, however, when the Army purged its files to cut down on what they thought were "unwarranted" issues. It wasn't re-instated until 1976.
David Glasgow Farragut: 1st Admiral in US Navy.
Frank, Simeon, and William: Committed the first US train robbery. On October 6, 1866, the Reno brothers boarded an eastbound train in Indiana wearing masks and toting guns. After emptying one safe and tossing the other out the window, the robbers jumped off the train and made an easy getaway.
Lucy Hobbs: 1st woman to graduate from dental school, the Ohio College of Dental Surgery.
Sir John Alexander McDonald: 1st Prime Minister of Canada.
Lucy Hobbs Taylor: 1st woman in the US to become a certified dentist. She graduated from the Ohio College of Dental Surgery.
Ebenezer D. Bassett: 1st Black U.S. diplomat, minister-resident to Haiti.
Arabella Mansfield: 1st woman lawyer. A year later, Ada H. Kepley, of Illinois, graduates from the Union College of Law in Chicago. She is the 1st woman lawyer to graduate from a law school.
Jefferson Long: 1st black elected to U.S. House of Representatives, Georgia.
Hiram Revels: 1st black US Senator. He completed the term of Mississippi Senator Jefferson Davis, who had resigned to become president of the Confederacy.
Lucy Walker: 1st woman to successfully climb the Matterhorn in Switzerland.
Victoria Woodhall: 1st woman presidential candidate in the United States when she is nominated by the National Radical Reformers.
Ellen Swallow Richards: 1st woman to be admitted to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, earns her B.S. degree. 1st female professional chemist in the U.S.
Herbert Hoover: 1st US President born west of the Mississippi.
Louis De Geer: 1st US Prime Minister of Sweden
Matthew Webb: 1st known person to swim across the English Channel. (He drowned in 1883 after unsuccessfully trying to swim across the whirlpools and rapids beneath Niagara Falls.)
Mary Baker Eddy: 1st and only American woman to found a major religion, Christian Science.
Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood: 1st woman admitted to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court.
Mary Mahoney: 1st black woman to study and work as a professionally trained nurse
Moses Fleetwood Walker: 1st black baseball player in the major leagues.
Sarah E. Goode becomes the 1st African-American woman to receive a patent, for a bed that folded up into a cabinet. Goode, who owned a furniture store in Chicago, intended the bed to be used in apartments.
Grover Cleveland: 1st President married inside the White House.
Wilhelm Steinitz: world's 1st chess champion.
Susanna Medora Salter: 1st woman elected mayor of an American town, in Argonia, Kansas. She died at the age of 101 in 1961.
Oscar Straus: 1st Jewish ambassador from US. (Ambassador to Turkey.)
Norman Coleman: 1st US Secretary of Agriculture.
Louise Blanchard Bethune: 1st woman elected to full membership in the American Institute of Architects.
William Kemmler: 1st criminal to be executed by electrocution (in Auburn Prison, Auburn, N.Y., Aug. 6)
Louis Henry Sullivan: architect of 10 story Wainwright Building, the 1st skyscraper.
Grover Cleveland: 1st (and only) US President to win election to nonconsecutive terms. He defeated Benjamin Harrison.
Myra Bradwell, (nee Colby):
1st female lawyer in US. She qualified for Illinois bar in 1869, but was prevented, due to gender, from being admitted to practice until 1892.
Annie Moore: 1st immigrant to pass through Ellis Island. She was 15 years old and from County Cork, Ireland.
Queen Isabella of Spain: 1st woman to appear on a US postage stamp.
Frankie Nelson: winner of the 1st women's bicycling marathon, which took place on January 6-11, 1896 at Madison Square Garden in New York. She traveled 418 miles.
Alice Guy Blaché: 1st American woman film director, shoots the first of her more than 300 films, a short feature called La Fee aux Choux (The Cabbage Fairy).
John J. McDermott: winner of the he 1st annual Boston Marathon - the first of its type in the US.
H.H.A. Beach: 1st "Gaelic Symphony" symphony by a woman performed in the United States, and possibly the world.